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GEOLOGICAL AND GEOMORPHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF DURMITOR NATIONAL PARK, MONTENEGRO

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Elena Calic, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Konstantin Kostov, Geological engineer Natalia Kostova
ABSTRACT

С изключение на Пирин, единствената планина на Балканския полуостров включена в Списъка на световното наследство на ЮНЕСКО, е Дурмитор в Черна гора. Националният парк Дурмитор е изграден предимно от мезозойски скали, подлежащи на окарстяване. Установени са следи от три плейстоценски заледявания: циркуси, морени, ледникови езера и др. Националният парк е един от най-представителните карстови масиви в Европа с множество повърхностни и подземни карстови форми. Настоящата статия представя накратко геолого-геоморфоложките характеристики на Дурмитор.

KEYWORDS

geology, geomorphology, karst, Durmitor, Montenegro

REFERENCES

Tsankov, N. (2009). Competence for cognitive modeling – didactic concretization. Pedagogy, 19 (7-8), 82-105.

COMPLICATIONS DURING OPERATION OF OIL DRILLS WITH DEEP ROD PUMPS

Ch. Assistant Professor Dr. Lachezar Georgiev, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Rumen Kulev
ABSTRACT

An overview of the complications in the operation of oil wells with boom submersible pumps has been made. The applied modern methods for increasing the efficiency of the system of submersible boom pump – boom column – column of pump-compressor pipes (PKT) are considered.

KEYWORDS

operation of oil wells, complications, submersible boom pumps

REFERENCES

Tsankov, N. (2009). Competence for cognitive modeling – didactic concretization. Pedagogy, 19 (7-8), 82-105.

BASIC PROVISIONS IN THE NUMERICAL MODELING OF A METROTUNNEL BY A NEW AUSTRIAN TUNNEL METHOD

Ch. Assistant Professor Dr. Eng. Ivan Mitev
ABSTRACT

The subject of the publication is the modeling of a tunnel metro section in a calculation program, which is based on the finite element method. An analysis of the obtained results for the stress and strain state in the massif during the passage of the tunnel through the section was made. The data on the surface deformations obtained from the model are compared with those actually measured during the monitoring of the construction and sizing of the primary cladding.

KEYWORDS

numerical modeling, a new Austrian tunneling method, deformations, stress and strain in the array, finite element method

REFERENCES

Tsankov, N. (2009). Competence for cognitive modeling – didactic concretization. Pedagogy, 19 (7-8), 82-105.

QUANTITATIVE AND ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF OIL PRODUCTION FROM ALREADY EXPLOITED FIELDS

Nikola Stratiev
ABSTRACT

This publication summarizes existing methods for extracting oil from already exploited fields and proposes an innovative, combined, cogeneration method that increases economic efficiency. The cogeneration method reduces many times the cost of producing the main components used for secondary oil production: water vapor, carbon dioxide and heat. Given the technological and economic potential – the new method is in the process of patenting. The extraction of oil from already exploited oil fields is presented as a serious reserve of essential importance for humanity and the global economy. In conclusion, some conclusions are summarized, outlining the forthcoming widespread use of already exploited oil wells in the future.

KEYWORDS

efficiency, economic, oil, method

REFERENCES

Tsankov, N. (2009). Competence for cognitive modeling – didactic concretization. Pedagogy, 19 (7-8), 82-105.

3D SIMULATION WHEN DRIVING A TUNNEL USING 2D FINISHING SOFTWARE

MAG. ENG. VESELIN BALEV
ABSTRACT

The article describes a procedure for simulating the stresses of a tunnel as excavation works progress. Rocscience software, Phase2 (RS2), is used for this purpose. The product is based on 2D modeling by the finite element method. The displacements are forecasted in the cases of application of the New Austrian tunnel method.

KEYWORDS

simulation, tunnel, software, modeling

REFERENCES

Tsankov, N. (2009). Competence for cognitive modeling – didactic concretization. Pedagogy, 19 (7-8), 82-105.

GIDROCK LV – SPECIALIZED LIGHT VEHICLE TRANSPORT FOR WORK IN THE MINES, MADE IN BULGARIA

In June, the first two GIDROCK LV machines, intended for transportation of people and explosives, were put into operation in the mines of Lucky Invest AD – Dzhurkovo and Druzhba. In the tests, the machines showed high passability and excellent maneuverability in the narrow mine galleries.

GIDROCK LV is designed and manufactured by Allegi Engineering Ltd. in accordance with the requirements of BDS EN 1889-1: 2011 “Mining machines. Mobile machines working underground. Safety. Part 1: Railless vehicles with pneumatic tires”.

The machine is designed to perform various logistics activities in the conditions of the mines such as: transportation of people, transportation of materials, service activities, transportation of fuel materials and others.

The advantages of the machine over standard vans come from the industrial components and materials used, such as:

  • Bridges with integrated multi-disc brakes in an oil bath isolated from the environment.
  • Hydrodynamic transmission.
  • Hydraulic steering system and brakes.
  • SAHR parking brake (spring-loaded with hydraulic release).
  • S355 and S700MC steel construction.

This ensures a high level of safety, high reliability and low costs during the service life of the equipment.

Off-road vehicles are still used in many places around the world for off-road vehicles. All of them are not specially designed for work in a mining environment. Alleggi believes that their product is extremely innovative and similar machines will be in demand in the future. The support of the native production is what the company relies on at the moment – flexibility, innovation and professionalism are what they can offer.

www.alegiengineering.com

More information about the new development can be found in the upcoming issue. 6-7 / 2020, p. 35 of the journal “Mining and Geology”

DUMP TRUCKS WITH RIGID FRAME FOR WORK IN OPEN MINES

We offer to your attention the review material DUMP TRUCKS WITH RIGID FRAME FOR WORK IN OPEN MINES, published in issue 8-9 / 2020 of the magazine “Mining and Geology”.

in no. 6-7 / 2020 of the magazine “Mining and Geology” you can find material on the topic of FRONT LOADERS FOR WORK IN UNDERGROUND MINES ..

In no. 4-5 / 2020 of the magazine “Mining and Geology” you can find material on HYDRAULIC EXCAVATORS FOR WORK IN OPEN MINES.

In the next issue. 10-11 / 2020 EXPECT the review material CHAIN BULLDOZERS FOR WORK IN OPEN MINES AND QUARRIES.

CHAIN BULLDOZERS FOR WORK IN OPEN MINES AND QUARRIES

We bring to your attention the review material CHAIN ​​BULLDOZERS FOR WORK IN OPEN MINES AND QUARRIES, published in issue 10-11 / 2020 of the magazine “Mining and Geology”.

in no. 6-7 / 2020 of the magazine “Mining and Geology” you can find material on the topic of FRONT LOADERS FOR WORK IN UNDERGROUND MINES ..

In no. 4-5 / 2020 of the magazine “Mining and Geology” you can find material on HYDRAULIC EXCAVATORS FOR WORK IN OPEN MINES.

In no. 8-9 / 2020 of the magazine “Mining and Geology” you can find material on the topic of DUMP TRUCKS WITH RIGID FRAME FOR WORK IN OPEN MINES.

In no. 12/2020 of the magazine “Mining and Geology” you can find material on the subject of UNDERGROUND MINING TRUCKS.

MOBILE JAW CRUSHERS FOR WORK IN OPEN MINES AND QUARRIES

We offer to your attention the review material MOBILE JAW CRUSHERS FOR WORK IN OPEN MINES AND QUARRIES, published in issue 2/2021 of the magazine “Mining and Geology”!

Expect an overview of articulated dump trucks (dumpers) for work in open pit mines and quarries in the upcoming issue. 3-4 / 2021 of the magazine “Mining and Geology”!

We remind you that you can find materials on the following topics:

In no. 12/2020 – UNDERGROUND MINING TRUCKS

In no. 10-11 / 2020 – CHAIN ​​BULLDOZERS FOR WORK IN OPEN MINES AND QUARRIES

In no. 8-9 / 2020 – DUMP TRUCKS WITH RIGID FRAME FOR WORK IN OPEN MINES

In no. 6-7 / 2020 – LEADING LOADERS FOR WORK IN UNDERGROUND MINES

In no. 4-5 / 2020 – HYDRAULIC EXCAVATORS FOR OPERATION IN OPEN MINES

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